Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra State and the gateway to this beguiling subcontinent. Of the four great cities in India, Mumbai is the most cosmopolitan, spear heading India’s move into the 21st century. The word Mumbai is derived from Mumbadevi, the patron goddess of the Koli fisherfolk, the oldest inhabitants of Mumbai. The name Mumbai, in its final form, dates back to the 18th century. For Portuguese, the name Bombay is Good Bay (“Bom” “Bay” Good Bay). Mumbai is a cluster of seven islands. These islands of no great value wereceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the Sultan of Gujarat. The Portuguese in turn gave these islands to Englands’s Chareless II as part of the wedding dowry of Catherine of Braganza when she married England’s Charles II in 1661. In 1668, the British government leased the islands to the East India Company for 10 pounds per annum in the form of gold and Mumbai grew gradually to become centre of trade.
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|01||Arrival & Departure Mumbai||Arrival Mumbai international airport and proceed for the sightseeing tour of Mumbai visiting Elephanta Caves, Gateway of India, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Museum. Drive past Marine drive, Victoria Terminus.Later transferred to Mumbai airport to board flight for next destination.|
The ‘City of Caves’, on an island in the Sea of Oman close to Bombay, contains a collection of rock art linked to the cult of Shiva. The Elephanta Caves are located in Western India on Elephanta Island,which features two hillocks separated by a narrow valley. The small island is dotted with numerous ancient archaeological remains that are the sole testimonies to its rich cultural past. The Elephanta Caves are a great tourist attraction in the vicinity of the large Mumbai meteropolis. The Elephanta island was so named by the Portuguese, after the statue of an elephant near the landing area of the island. These rock cut temples dedicated to Shiva Mahadeva are rich in sculptural content. This rock cut temples were created by carving out rock, and creating the columns, the internal spaces and the images. The entire temple is akin to a huge sculpture, through whose corridors and chambers one can walk. The entire complex was created through a process of rock removal. Some of the rock surfaces are highly finished while some are untreated bare rock.
Elephanta Caves is Closed on Monday.
Gateway of India:
The Gateway of India is a monument built during the British Raj in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India. It is located on the waterfront in the Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai and overlooks the Arabian Sea. Mumbai’s most famous monument, this is the starting point for most tourists who want to explore the city. It was built as a triumphal arch to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary, complete with four turrets and intricate latticework carved into the yellow basalt stone. Ironically, when the Raj ended in 1947, this colonial symbol also became a sort of epitaph: the last of the British ships that set sail for England left from the Gateway. Today this symbol of colonialism has got Indianised, drawing droves of local tourists and citizens. Behind the arch, there are steps leading down to the water. Here, you can get onto one of the bobbing little motor launches, for a short cruise through Mumbai’s splendid natural harbour.
Mani Bhavan Gandhi Museum:
Mani Bhavan is a simple old-style, two storied building on Laburnum Road, Mumbai. Whenever Gandhiji was in Mumbai between 1917 to 1934, he stayed here. It is now converted into a museum and research centre. Once you enter the place, there is a library with statue of the Mahatma where people offer their tributes. Then a staircase dotted with Gandhi’s pictures depicting his life leads visitors to the first floor which has big photo gallery where photographs of his childhood till his assassination are displayed along with press clippings. The room that Gandhi used during his stay here is on the second floor – there is a glass partition and people can see through two of his spinning wheels, a book and floor bed still preserved. Right opposite the room there is a hall where photographs and paintings of his lifetime are on display. And finally when one reaches the terrace where he was arrested on Jan 4, 1932.
Drive past Maine Drive:
The marine drive is one of the best known aspects of Mumbai, the commercial capital of India. It is a circular stretch of road starting at Nariman Point and culminating at the Malabar Hills. The entire stretch measures about three kilometers. Marine Drive is officially known as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Road, but it is seldom referred to with that name. It is counted as one of the tourist spots of Mumbai, and a large number of major tourist attractions are lined up around the stretch of this road.
Drive past Victoria Terminus:
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. Designed byFrederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings, the station was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria.
- Visit Sightseeing tour of Elephant Caves , Gateway of India, Mani Bhavan Gandhi Museum,Drive past Maine Drive and Drive past Victoria Terminus etc.
- Private guide to assist you during the tour & an air-conditioned vehicle with driver at your services.
- Entrances to the monuments.
- Inter-city transfers by Private Air Conditioned Sedan.
- All sightseeing by Private Air Conditioned Sedan.
- Services of English Speaking Guide.
- Mineral Water on Board the vehicle.
- All Applicable taxes and service charges.
- Gratuities (optional).
- Air fare from home country and return.
After sightseeing you shall be transferred to the Mumbai International airport to drive back to next Destination.